Terms and Conditions, Milbank Q. The authors have no other competing interests to declare. Munn Z, Stern C, Aromataris E, Lockwood C, Jordan Z. In no uncertain terms: the importance of a defined objective in scoping reviews. Int J Nurs Stud. Researchers may preference the conduct of a scoping review over a systematic review where the purpose of the review is to identify knowledge gaps, scope a body of literature, clarify concepts, investigate research conduct, or to inform a systematic review. Conversely, when we compare this to systematic reviews, the provision of implications for practice is a key feature of systematic reviews and is recommended in reporting guidelines for systematic reviews . There are other examples of scoping reviews investigating research methodology, with perhaps the most pertinent examples being two recent scoping reviews of scoping review methods [9, 10]. Given this assessment of bias is not conducted, the implications for practice (from a clinical or policy making point of view) that arise from a scoping review are quite different compared to those of a systematic review. What is a rapid review? Arksey H, O'Malley L. Scoping studies: towards a methodological framework. The development of software to support multiple systematic review types: the Joanna Briggs institute system for the unified management, assessment and review of information (JBI SUMARI). Guidelines may be further enhanced by better inclusion of local risk-factors, case finding and co-morbidity management, preferably tailored to available financial and staff resources. •Examined barriers and facilitators to the use of systematic reviews (SR) by health care managers and policy makers, e.g. The scoping review has become increasingly popular as a form of knowledge synthesis. Other combinations of purposes for scoping reviews would also make sense for certain questions/aims. 2009;26(2):91–108. reviews (PRISMA-ScR): checklist and explanation. What are people’s views and experiences of delivering and participating in microfinance interventions? Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has substantially impacted the provision of medical services. Ann Intern Med. PubMed Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2011. A systematic search of healthcare databases was conducted. Peters MD, Godfrey CM, Khalil H, McInerney P, Parker D, Soares CB. Harfield SG, Davy C, McArthur A, Munn Z, Brown A, Brown N. Characteristics of indigenous primary health care service delivery models: a systematic scoping review. 2018. Tricco AC, Lillie E, Zarin W, et al. Provided final approval for submission. Challen K, Lee AC, Booth A, Gardois P, Woods HB, Goodacre SW. Where is the evidence for emergency planning: a scoping review. We hope that this paper will provide a useful addition to this evolving methodology and encourage others to review, modify and build upon these indications as the approach matures. Hines et al. 2014;67(12):1291–4. y of life for patients in all health care settings. 1993;18(1):32–8. Arksey and O’Malley framework (2005, p. 22-23) Enhancements proposed by Levac et al. (in press). Scoping reviews are now seen as a valid review approach for certain indications. The aim of the scoping review was to survey the literature to determine how … California Privacy Statement, Scoping studies: advancing the methodology. An international educational training course for conducting systematic reviews in health care: the Joanna Briggs Institute's comprehensive systematic review training program. CS: Contributed conceptually to the paper and wrote sections of the paper. To undertake a scoping review is to understand the “lay of the land” on a topic. Flow Diagram for the scoping review process adapted from the PRISMA statement by Moher and colleagues (2009). Int J Soc Res Methodol. format and content, to develop recommendations for authors. Int J Equity Health. Draper P. A critique of concept analysis. Among other objectives, scoping reviews help determine whether a systematic review of the literature is warranted. Scoping reviews are now seen as a valid approach in those circumstances where systematic reviews are unable to meet the necessary objectives or requirements of knowledge users. Another approach to evidence synthesis that has emerged recently is the production of evidence maps . 2010;5:56. Other reviewers may conduct a scoping review in order to ‘map’ the literature when there is no obvious need for ‘mapping’ in this particular subject area. We have previously recommended the use of the PCC mnemonic (Population, Concept and Context) to guide question development . CAS The aim of the scoping review was to survey the literature to determine how data pertinent to the measurement of hip replacement wear had been reported in primary studies and whether the methods were similar enough to allow for comparison across studies. Tricco, AC, Lillie, E, Zarin, W, O'Brien, KK, Colquhoun, H, Levac, D, Moher, D, Int J Evid Based Healthc. Synthesis: (Tabular with some narrative) The extraction of data for a scoping review may include a charting table or form but a formal synthesis of findings from individual studies and the generation of a 'summary of findings' (SOF) table is not required. Guidance for authors when choosing between a systematic or scoping review approach. 2005;8(1):19–32. Guidance for conducting systematic scoping reviews. Further work in scoping review methods is required, with perhaps the most important advancement being the recent development of an extension to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) for scoping reviews  and the development of software and training programs to support these reviews [49, 50]. Soon after, Levac, Colquhoun and O’Brien further clarified and extended this original framework . A scoping review of rapid review methods. 2015;13:224. However, a lack of consensus on scoping review terminology, definition, methodology, and reporting limits the potential of this form of synthesis. The Joanna Briggs Institute, The University of Adelaide, 55 King William Road, North Adelaide, 5005, South Australia, Zachary Munn, Micah D. J. Peters, Cindy Stern, Catalin Tufanaru, Alexa McArthur & Edoardo Aromataris, You can also search for this author in Regardless of some of these limitations, traditional literature reviews may still have some use in terms of providing an overview of a topic or issue. for scoping reviews and a lack of clarity for authors re- garding when a scoping review should be performed as opposed to a systematic review. BMC Med Res Methodol 18, 143 (2018). In these videos from a Cochrane Learning Live webinar delivered in partnership with GESI: the Global Evidence Synthesis Initiative, Dr Andrea C. Tricco presents the definition of a scoping review, examples of scoping reviews, steps of the scoping review process, and methods used in 494 scoping reviews from the literature. BMC Med Res Methodol. The results of the scoping review enabled the authors to then develop a complexity framework or model to assist in defining and understanding patient complexity . 2018;18(1):5. Schaink AK, Kuluski K, Lyons RF, et al. Correspondence to With the emergence of groups such as Cochrane and the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) in the 1990s , reviews have exploded in popularity both in terms of the number conducted , and their uptake to inform policy and practice. Scoping reviews are a useful tool in the ever increasing arsenal of evidence synthesis approaches.  provide a further example where a scoping review has been conducted to define a concept, in this case the condition bronchopulmonary dysplasia. 2005;3(8):207–15. Identifying the research question. The two approaches therefore have many similarities, with perhaps the most prominent difference being the production of a visual database or schematic (i.e. BMC Med Res Methodol. Scoping reviews are useful for examining emerging evidence when it is still unclear what other, more specific questions can be posed and valuably addressed by a more precise systematic review . Glob Health. BMC Med Res Methodol. J Eval Clin Pract. Munn Z, Porritt K, Lockwood C, Aromataris E, Pearson A. 2014;114(3):53–8. In any case, because scoping reviews tend to be a useful approach for reviewing evidence rapidly in emerging fields or topics, identification and analysis of knowledge gaps is a common and valuable indication for conducting a scoping review. Chambers D, Wilson PM, Thompson CA, Hanbury A, Farley K, Light K. Maximizing the impact of systematic reviews in health care decision making: a systematic scoping review of knowledge-translation resources. review. Health Inf Libr J. A scoping review by Callary and colleagues 29 investigated the methodological design of studies assessing wear of a certain type of hip replacement (highly crosslinked polyethylene acetabular components) . Characteristics of indigenous primary health care models of service delivery: a scoping review protocol. A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. A scoping review requires at least two reviewers and, as with all systematic reviews, an a priori scoping review protocol must be developed prior to undertaking the review itself. 2015;13(3):117–20. Whereas deviations from a review protocol for a traditional systematic review are rare, due to the more iterative nature of a scoping review, some chang… Be underpinned by a preliminary and evidence-based scoping stage scoping review guidelines a, Munn Z, Brown a prospective studies compare... That aligns with the scope and objectives of the scoping review are able to be published in 2018 clarification a. Shanman R, Shekelle PG make sense for certain questions/aims Joanna Briggs Institute comprehensive... The scoping review process adapted from the original scoping review is, Colquhoun et al Malley! 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